CED has a partnership with the Episcopal Church in Rwanda. In 2005 the Church approached us with a request that we help them to develop rainwater harvesting solutions in their settlements of child headed families. These had grown from the work of Rev Rutandama who was himself a genocide survivor and had by then organised orphaned children into “family” units in small purpose built houses. Children were spending 2 or 3 hours daily spent collecting water from a well 4km away, time that could be more usefully spent cultivating fields or doing home-work. Past attempts at drilling boreholes had been unsuccessful, meaning the best option was a good rainwater catchment system. Rainfall in the area is around 900mm per year. As well as having water for their own use, it was envisaged the children could sell some surplus, thereby becoming better integrated into the community.
Over the next 18 months CED visited the settlement with the Church project co-ordinator then again with Signpost International who were supporting the venture. After much discussion the parties agreed that CED should provide a workshop to train a group of children to build tanks of 1000 litres, the idea being that this technology would itself be transferable to the local population.
When our application to Lloyds TSB Foundation failed, CED and Signpost International agreed to pursue a pilot project, with Signpost as the major contributer.
The idea was to provide small, personal tanks that could be easily replicated. Unreinforced cement tanks have been made in Thailand since the 1970s in sizes up to 1800 litres (Rainwater Harvesting, Pacey and Cullis, ITDG, 1986, p.108).
A mould is formed by sewing together gunny sacks and filling with sawdust. This is then plastered with cement mortar and the sacks removed.
We decided to include a tap to make drawing water easier and reinforced this area with chicken wire.
The cement tank generated interest as it was perceived to be more robust that modern plastic tanks as well as being slightly less expensive. A big benefit is that a cement tank is much harder to steal! We found we used rather more cement than expected but the tanks were still seen as a good solution.
In November 2006 Ian Rankin, a CED member, spent 3 weeks in Rwanda providing training for building unreinforced concrete tanks.
The first part of the time was spent training trainers at the church’s technical school. After that the workshop was held in Ruhanga with 2 of the school’s teachers.
Unfortunately, the settlement was not fully prepared for our arrival and despite the church professionals having vision and enthusiasm for the project, this had not communicated to the orphans themselves. The workshop ran reasonably to schedule but after it was over there was little further progress.
Since the workshop, some of the participants have experimented with the tanks in other parts of Rwanda, notably RHEPI who have built tanks in the north of the country. Although the work did not go completely as expected, tcchnology transfer was successful and this is on-going. The tanks are only slightly less expensive than the competing plastic tanks but are preferred on grounds of:
(insert a table here…)
Simple instruction sheet for water jar: cement water jar